An Introduction to Aperture
If you're a photographer, chances are you've heard of the term "aperture" before. But what is aperture, exactly? In short, aperture is the size of the opening in the lens when a photo is taken. This opening can be adjusted to let more or less light into the camera, which in turn affects the exposure of the image.
Aperture also has an effect on depth of field, which is the amount of an image that appears to be in focus. A wider aperture (smaller f-stop number) results in a shallow depth of field, while a narrower aperture (larger f-stop number) will result in a greater depth of field.
How Aperture Affects Your Photos
Now that we know what aperture is and how it works, let's take a look at how it can affect your photos.
As we mentioned before, one of the main ways aperture affects your photos is by changing the exposure. If you want a brighter image, you would use a wider aperture so that more light can enter the camera. On the other hand, if you want a darker image, you would use a narrower aperture to limit the amount of light coming in.
Aperture also affects depth of field, which as we learned before, is the amount of an image that appears to be in focus. When using a wide aperture (small f-stop), your depth of field will be shallow, resulting in a blurry background with only your subject in focus. This can be helpful if you're trying to isolates your subject from their surroundings. On the other hand, if you're looking to capture everything in sharp focus—like landscape—you would use a narrower aperture (large f-stop).
Aperture is an important consideration for any photographer because it can affect both the exposure and depth of field of an image. By understanding how aperture works and how it can be used to your advantage, you can take your photography skills to the next level!